ELearning in additional professional education


Today the term "e-learning" is more commonly used than "distance learning." The reason is that, under the e-learning we mean a variety of forms of education through computer technology and a variety of advanced communications and telecommunications. And they can be used, including, in the university, not implying mandatory development of educational material at a distance and in complete isolation from the traditional educational process.

The main niche of e-learning in the West - is the provision of educational services to various categories of the adult population. There are many educational institutions that specialize in e-learning. For example, in the United States was one of these "online universities" include: WGU, Capella, Walden, University of Phoenix, Grand Canyon University, Kaplan, Devry. Most of them are there for more than 20 years, starting as a classical institution distant (education), gradually moving most of their educational process in the Internet.

Foreign experience shows that comprehensive e-learning program - a good tool for the realization of the idea of ​​continuing education, that is, learning throughout life, allows professionals maintain their professional tone, improve skills or be retrained as necessary.

In Europe, where the university e-learning projects in most cases actively supported by public funding, their global mission is declared as the accessibility of education, providing opportunities to take part in the educational process in any category of adults, regardless of their circumstances.

The introduction of e-learning can be a good source of income for the university in implementing training courses, training of students or courses in specific subjects for individual training. In these programs, students learn the material on their own with the help of e-learning courses have been laid out on the site, have the opportunity to remotely receive advice of teachers and only passing the final tests and examinations to come directly to the university.

Additional professional education, realized through e-learning, is a demand for many social groups. These include specialists who need to improve their skills, seeking to find or change the profession, as well as people with disabilities, which means e-learning can pursue higher education without leaving home. With integrated e-learning programs to lose, and to develop their skills or acquire new skills can young mothers on maternity leave, small and medium-sized businesses that do not have time and money on expensive full-time business schools, industrial workers working in shifts mode , the military - contractors, etc.

For these categories of students are the most important characteristic of e-learning opportunities to flexibly organize the learning process. This is primarily asynchronous education process, evening classes, flexible scheduling, continuous set of students, student - centered learning, e-library, computer simulation.

In this paper we consider the types of e-learning, which is based on World Wide Web Internet. Information basis of such systems are hosted on computers - servers, network e-learning courses.

To create a full-fledged e-learning systems (SEA), the following components:
- A learning management system (LMS) (Learning Management System, LMS);
- E-learning courses as a set of training materials - the content of the system;
- The system of control of knowledge, evaluation of students;
- Remote counseling students;
- Telecommunications environment, the channels of communication.

Educational resources that are used in e-learning, ranging from simple graphic images and video clips, animations, and interactive models, illustrated text materials to interactive books of problems that include themed sets of tasks with means of automatic verification and testing organization and control, support for specific learning paths and fully electronic courses that combine other types of digital resources in various combinations.

Developed as tools for teaching online, so-called "virtual classrooms", webinars, which allow by means of synchronous video to create the illusion of students sitting at their computers, on a real training session. However, the widespread introduction of webinars prevent low capacity of the Russian channels Internet connection. An alternative to this method are recording lectures.

Accommodation lectures in video format allows you to increase the efficiency of formation of new training programs, as ready to remove the course easier than to prepare a material for publication on the website. But it is associated with certain difficulties. Lectures last for at least 45 minutes - it's difficult to grasp the video format on the web, so developers need to supplement their various services, such as the ability to simultaneously view the presentation on the course or other related learning objects.

Analysis of educational e-learning resources provided by various educational websites, shows that most of the available multimedia lessons there - is a linear representation of educational information.

However, e-learning is effective only when the media object is an integral component of electronic lectures, when the transfer of part of an interactive seminars, opportunities intermediate knowledge control with a remote computer testing, implemented virtual laboratories and workshops to consolidate the theoretical material.

The purpose and audience of the project e-learning depends on what part of the online materials studied by students in the free mode, and what percentage of online courses is conducted in accordance with a strict sequence of passing the path of learning.

One of the obvious problems of e-learning is to support the students' independent work. Funds advanced search solutions, wealth of information and Internet tools developed LMS-open before the teachers even more opportunities students' motivation, communication with them and doing interesting discussions than in traditional classroom work.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Powered by Blogger.